The name Schnauzer as used when referring to a breed of dog may refer to any one of the three accepted sizes. Please select the type that you are interested in learning more about from the list above.

Breed Information

Breed Basics

Country of Origin: 
Small 8-15 lb
Medium 15-35 lb
Large 35-55 lb
X-Large 55-90 lb
XX-Large 90-120 lb+
12 to 15 Years
Moderate Effort Required
Energy Level: 
Varies According to Type
Professional Grooming May Be Required
Hypoallergenic Breed: 
Compatibility With Other Pets: 
May Be Okay With Other Pets If Raised Together
Not Recommended For Homes With Small Animals


Miniature- 12-20 lbs, 12-14 inches
Standard- 35-50 lbs, 18½-19½ inches
30-45 lbs, 17½-18½ inches
Giant- 75-100 lbs, 23½-27½ inches


The generic term Schnauzer, when used in reference to a breed may refer to any one of three known types: the Miniature Schnauzer, the Standard Schnauzer, and the Giant Schnauzer; all of which were developed in Germany.  The Standard Schnauzer was the original breed, and has existed for hundreds of years, while the Miniature Schnauzer and the Giant Schnauzer were created by crossing the Standard Schnauzer with other breeds in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s.  Some also claim there to have been in existence Toy or Teacup Schnauzers, but these are in fact abnormally small or ill-bred Miniature Schnauzers. 


Although Schnauzers have typically been thought of as companion dogs, these breeds have been used for a number of purposes throughout history including ratting, cattle driving, police work, and guard dog work.  Although generally considered terriers, some kennel clubs place these breeds with working dogs, herding dogs, companion dogs, and in miscellaneous classes. The Standard Schnauzer is also known as the Mittelschnauzer, Schnauzer, and Wirehaired Pinscher.  The Miniature Schnauzer is sometimes known as the Zwegschnauzer or the Miniature Wirehaired Pinscher.  The Giant Schnauzer is also known as the Riesenschnauzer, Munich Schnauzer, and Russian Bear Schnauzer.  Most people mispronounce the Schnauzer’s name.  The correct pronunciation is Shnowt-zer, much like Mozart is pronounced Mowt-zart. Please select which type of Schnauzer you would like to learn more about from the list above.


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